Invention of radiocarbon dating
Finally, although radiocarbon dating is the most common and widely used chronometric technique in archaeology today, it is not unfailing. Whenever possible multiple samples should be collected and dated from associated sections.
The trend of the samples will provide a ball park estimate of the actual date of deposition.
He demonstrated the accuracy of radiocarbon dating by accurately estimating the age of wood from a series of samples for which the age was known, including an ancient Egyptian royal barge of 1850 BCE.
The dating method is based on the fact that carbon is found in various forms, including the main stable isotope (carbon 12) and an unstable isotope (carbon 14).
This essay will trace the reactions of both of these groups in the United States to C-14 dating, focusing particularly on the response of the Seventh-day Adventists (SDA), the American Scientific Affiliation (ASA), the Creation Research Society (CRS) and the Institute for Creation Research (ICR)groups demonstrating particularly sensitive responses to C-14 dating and its implications.
Although the Adventists regard themselves as evangelicals, some hesitate to include them in a list of evangelical Christians because of their strong commitment to the writings of Ellen G. But during the twentieth century the Adventists played a very important role in the formulation of the so-called "scientific creationism" in the United States, influencing evangelical Christian responses to the idea of a young earth.
Since the revival of scientific creationism in the early 1960s, one of the most important events has been the on going debate over the validity of C-14 dating.
The apparent contradiction between C-14 dates and the literal interpretation of Genesis has split the evangelical Christians of the United States into two factions: one, fundamentalist evangelicals who attempted to fit scientific findings into the literal interpretation of the Bible; and two, other evangelicals who felt that the Bible does not contain an absolute chronology of earth history.
This paper traces the reactions of Seventh-day Adventists and American evangelical Christians toward C-14 dating.
Radiocarbon dating, or simply carbon dating, is a technique that uses the decay of carbon 14 to estimate the age of organic materials.